Industry changes the world, who is changing industry?
As soon as the first World Internet Industry Conference held on October 15 opened, the organizers posed such a question to hundreds of guests from all over the world. As the first international high-end summit focusing on the proposition of "Internet + Industry" in China, strategic initiators and practitioners such as "Industrial Internet" in the United States, "Industry 4.0" in Germany and "Made in China 2025" gathered together to talk about the "Internet Era" The Road to Industrial Change".
The wheels of the times keep rolling, and the wheels of industrial development never stop. We are living in an era of profound change. In the face of new trends in technological innovation and development, major countries in the world are speeding up reforms to seize the opportunities for future economic and technological development. As Hermann, CEO of Siemens Group Greater China said, the current industry has once again become an important engine, and the United States, Germany, Japan, and China are actually facing the same challenges and problems.
"Old power is weakening, new power will be born", this is the judgment of Li Yizhong, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, on the current growth momentum of our country. He believes that my country's manufacturing industry is suffering from the "double squeeze" of high-end return from developed countries and low-cost entry from developing countries. Transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and accelerated development of emerging industries must be made at the same time, and efforts must not be partial or unbalanced. Implementing "Made in China 2025" and carrying out the "Internet +" action is one of the important ways. my country will basically achieve industrialization in 2020, and "Internet + manufacturing" has more important strategic significance. In particular, Li Yizhong pointed out that industrial enterprises that have achieved transformation, optimization and upgrading are the main actors of "Internet +". Real economy enterprises, Internet enterprises, and telecommunications enterprises are cross-border integration, collaborative interaction, reform and innovation, rather than mutual subversion.
Wu Hequan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, pointed out that the industrial Internet is a rare opportunity for leapfrog development for China, which is undergoing a transformation of enterprises and development methods. In the era of the industrial Internet, the focus of corporate value and strategic thinking need to be re-examined.
Zhang Ruimin, chairman and CEO of Haier Group, believes that the Internet has brought about three major disruptions: the business model has changed from division of labor to distributed, the manufacturing model has changed from mass manufacturing to mass customization, and the consumption model has changed from product economy to experience economy. However, there is no ready-made model for how to use the Internet to transform industries. We need to shift from thinking about "what" to "why", and always challenge ourselves and the status quo. Zhang Ruimin issued an appeal to enterprises - "step off the treadmill and integrate into the Internet".
Since the beginning of this year, the State Council has successively issued guidance on the implementation of "Made in China 2025" and "Internet +" actions. How should my country's industrial transformation and upgrading go? The participants agreed that the national conditions of each country are different, and the manufacturing base is different. The development path and model of the industrial Internet must also be different, and measures must be adapted to local conditions and enterprise conditions.
Xu Rujun, president of the Economic Daily, believes that the manufacturing industry in the United States is highly developed. It is the Internet, and its industrial Internet focuses more on network and information services. The core is to build an industrial information highway and maintain its leading position in the manufacturing industry. Germany is a manufacturing industry with world-leading equipment manufacturing technology. German Industry 4.0 pays more attention to the two major themes of equipment and technology upgrades, smart factories and smart production. The characteristic of our country is that the Internet is relatively developed, and the manufacturing industry is generally large but not strong. "my country's manufacturing industry must follow the parallel development path of Industry 2.0 supplementary lessons, Industry 3.0 popularization, and Industry 4.0 demonstration. Enterprises in various regions should position themselves reasonably, respect scientific laws, and cannot be achieved overnight." Xu Rujun said.
Lu Bingheng, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, believes that a relatively complete industrial system, a relatively large domestic demand market, and relatively good human resources are the comparative advantages of China's manufacturing industry. "Made in China 2025" requires the coordination of the whole society, "Use the Internet to change our industry, we can't wait, we can't wait and see, we can't slack off!"
Kunusen, assistant country director of the United Nations Development Program and director of the South-South Policy Cooperation Division, said that in the field of high-tech manufacturing, China has achieved a three-fold level of development in about 10 years. The powerful information industry has also achieved rapid development. China's success has made other emerging economies realize the important role that technological innovation plays in economic development. Strategies such as "Made in China 2025" and "Internet +" are forming a driving force for innovation, which is consistent with the United Nations sustainable development goals.